A comprehensive analysis of biomass energy in India for agricultural and domestic use


  • A Prakash -
  • K Lal -




Biomass, Waste management, Biomass resources, Energy Demand in India, Anaerobic digestion


Biomass is an abundant and renewable resource in India, with vast potential for use in energy production, agricultural applications, and waste management. The country has made significant strides in developing and utilizing biomass resources for various purposes in recent years. One of the primary uses of biomass in India is for energy production. Biomass fuels, such as wood chips, agricultural residues, and municipal waste, are used in rural areas for cooking and heating. Additionally, the government has implemented policies and initiatives to promote the use of biomass for electricity generation. Biomass-based power plants have been established nationwide, with a total installed capacity of over 9,000 MW. Biomass is also used in agricultural applications in India. The country is a major producer of sugarcane, and bagasse, a byproduct of sugarcane processing, is commonly used as a feedstock for producing biofuels and biogas. Additionally, farmers are increasingly using biomass-based fertilizers and pesticides to improve soil health and reduce chemical inputs. Regarding waste management, biomass is a valuable resource for converting organic waste into useful products. Anaerobic digestion and composting are popular methods for treating organic waste, with the resulting biogas and compost being used for energy generation and agricultural applications, respectively. Overall, biomass is an essential resource for India, providing energy, supporting agriculture, and promoting sustainable waste management practices. With continued investment and innovation, biomass has the potential to play an even more significant role in the country's energy and agricultural sectors in the coming year.


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Author Biographies

A Prakash, -

Department of Renewable Energy Engineering, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, U.P., India

K Lal, -

Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, U.P., India


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How to Cite

A Prakash, & K Lal. (2023). A comprehensive analysis of biomass energy in India for agricultural and domestic use. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 17, 26–29. https://doi.org/10.58628/JAE-2317-303