Laboratory evaluation of different eco-friendly insecticides against the Egyptian fluted scale, Icerya aegyptiaca

Authors

  • K I Singh Professor
  • S M Haldhar Principal Scientist
  • A Mutum Student
  • K Linda SRF

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.58628/JAE-2418-108

Keywords:

Icerya aegyptiaca, lac, Flemingia semialata, eco-friendly insecticides

Abstract

Lac cultivation is generally carried out on a limited number of indigenous tree species found scattered in forests and cultivable land. Recent studies show that Flemingia semialata Roxb. (Leguminosae) is an excellent bushy host plant for the cultivation of the kusmi strain of lac insects. The present investigation was carried out with the objective of getting acquainted with the different eco-friendly insecticides under laboratory evaluation against the Egyptian fluted scale, Icerya aegyptica. Maximum nymphal mortality of 81.67 per cent and 78.34 per cent was observed at 0.2 per cent Pestoguard and Neemazal after 12 days of treatment, which is statistically at par with each other. 51.67 per cent mortality was achieved after 12 days of treatment at 1 per cent Uro-insecticide and Green mealikil, which is a microbial pesticide that is also effective against the Egyptian fluted scale, Icerya aegyptiaca. The mortality percentage was low after 1, 3 days and seven days, but it gradually increased after 12 days of treatment, obtaining 48.34% mortality, which is statistically at par with Uro-insecticide. All the eco-friendly insecticides used in the present experiment (Uroinsecticides, Pestoguard, green mealikil and neemazal) are effective in controlling the population of Icerya aegyptiaca. Unlike Malathion and Imidacloprid, they don’t have a quick knockdown effect; however, the mortality due to exposure significantly increases as there is an increase in days or duration of application, and they are safe for the lac insect.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

K I Singh, Professor

Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University, Imphal – 795004, Manipur (India)

S M Haldhar, Principal Scientist

Previous Address: Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University, Imphal – 795004, Manipur (India)

Present Address: ICAR-National Research Centre for Integrated Pest Management, Rajpur Khurd, New Delhi-110068, India

A Mutum, Student

Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University, Imphal – 795004, Manipur (India)

K Linda, SRF

Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University, Imphal – 795004, Manipur (India)

References

Akintola AJ & Ande AT. 2009. Pest status and ecology of five mealy bugs (Family: Pseudococcidae) in the southern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. Journal of Entomological Research, 33 (1): 9-13

Ben-Dov Y. 2005. A systematic catalogue of the scale insect family Margarodidae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of the world. Intercept Limited, Wimborne.

Bhattacharya A. 2001. Pests of primary lac hosts, pp 108-110. In: K.K. Kumar, R. Ramani, K.K. Sharma (eds.), Recent Advances in lac cultivation. Two hundred ninety pp. Indian Lac Research Institute, Ranchi.

Crop Protection Compendium on Internet (CPCI), accessed in (2005). Wallingford, UK CAB International.

EFSA Panel on Plant Health (PLH), Bragard, C., Baptista, P., Chatzivassiliou, E., Di Serio, F., Gonthier, P., Miret, J.A.J., Justesen, A.F., Magnusson, C.S., Milonas, P. and Navas‐Cortes, J.A. (2023). Pest categorisation of Icerya aegyptiaca. EFSA Journal, 21(1): p.e07739. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2023.7739

Fatima S, Hussain M, Shafqat S, Malik MF, Abbas Z, Noureen N & Ane N. 2016. Laboratory evaluation of different insecticides against hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Scientifica, 9312013: 7; http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9312013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/9312013

Karar H, Arif MJ, Sayyed HA, Ashfaq M & Khan MA. 2010. Comparative efficacy of new and old insecticides for the control of mango mealybug (Drosicha mangiferae G.) in mango orchards. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12 (3): 443–446.

Mangoud AAH, Abd El-Wahid MS & Abd El-Aziz MA. 012). Screening test of different compounds against Icerya seychellarum and harmful effect on the beneficial predator Rodalia cardinalis under laboratory conditions. (in press).

Mangoud AAH, Abd-Rabou SM & Ali NA. 2010. Comparison between oriented and whole tree spraying by different natural control agents in reducing the fig scale insect, Russellaspis pustulans on apple trees. Conf. of From Academia to Pesticide Industry, Fac. Agric., Alexandria Univ., 24-25 March, 2010.

Mangoud AAH. & Abd El-Gawad HAS. 2003. Evaluation of different integrated pest management concepts for controlling the Egyptian fluted mealybug, Icerya aegyptiaca on the ornamental plants. Bull. Ent. Soc. Egypt, Econ, 29: 137-149.

Mangoud AAH. 2008. Insecticidal effect of some chemical and natural control agents against the black parlatoria scale, Parlatoria ziziphi (Lucas) and associated parasitoids on citrus trees. Egypt., J. Agric. Res., 86 (6): 2157-2167.

Meena SC, Sharma KK & Mohanasundaram A. 2012. Icerya aegyptiaca Douglas: a new pest of Flemingia semialata and as an alternate host of Aprostocetus purpureus (Cameron) in lac ecosystem. Indian Journal of Entomology, 74(4): 404-405.

Pal G, Jaiswal AK & Bhattacharya A. 2010) Lac Statistics at a glance.

Sharma KK, Monobrullah Md, Singh JP & Ramani R. 2010. Pre-summer mortality in rangeeni lac-insects. ICAR Newsletter, 16(3): 15.

Singh KI, Devi KL, Singh CN, Singh KJ, Sanatomba A and Haldhar SM. 2021a. Effect of abiotic factors with productivity link parameters of lac insect, Kerria manipurensis in Manipur. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches, 32 (2): 172-179.

Singh KI, Devi KL, Singh TR, Singh CN, Devi CS, Haldhar SM and Singh TR. 2022. Insect pest complex of Flemengia species: a common host plant of lac insect. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches, 33(2):137-143.

Singh KJ, Singh KI, Haldhar SM, Singh NO and Rustom N. 2021b. Study on host preference of lac insect species existing in Manipur. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology, 14(03): 387-391. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30954/0974-1712.03.2021.15

Tewari DN. 1994. Tropical Forest Produce. International Book Distributors, Dehra Dun.

Zhou Y, Wu J, Lin S, He J, Deng Y, He J & Cheng D. 2022. The synergistic effects of rosehip oil and matrine against Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) and the underlying mechanisms. Pest Management Science, 78(8): 3424-3432. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.6983

Downloads

Published

2024-06-03

How to Cite

Singh, K. I., Haldhar, S. M., Mutum, A., & Linda, K. (2024). Laboratory evaluation of different eco-friendly insecticides against the Egyptian fluted scale, Icerya aegyptiaca. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 18, 48–52. https://doi.org/10.58628/JAE-2418-108